top of page

The Unearthed Link Between Birth Control Pills and Digestive Disorders: A Naturopath's Perspective


Ah, the marvels of modern medicine! The birth control pill, a tiny yet potent creation, has revolutionized the lives of countless women, granting them the freedom to plan their families. But what if I told you that there's a hidden connection between these little pills and the rise of digestive disorders such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)? As a Naturopath specializing in digestive health, I'm here to shed light on this intriguing link and provide some natural tools to navigate this delicate terrain.

The Birth Control Pill: A Brief Overview

First things first, let's unravel the mystery behind birth control pills. These pills are hormonal contraceptives that contain synthetic versions of estrogen and progesterone, hormones that naturally regulate a woman's reproductive cycle. They are hailed for their efficacy in preventing unplanned pregnancies and managing various menstrual issues. However, like every rose has its thorn, birth control pills have their own set of side effects. ( Visit my article about The Effect of Hormonal DIsbalance on the Gut).

Birth Control Pills and Digestive Disorders

So, how does something seemingly unrelated like birth control pills tie into digestive disorders? The answer lies in the intricate web of our hormones and gut health. Let's dive into the connection.

  1. Gut Microbiome Disruption: The gut microbiome is a bustling community of trillions of microorganisms that play a pivotal role in digestion, immunity, and overall health. Some research suggest that birth control pills may lead to alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota and disrupt its delicate balance, leading to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria and a reduction in beneficial ones. This disbalance is called dysbiosis and can pave the way for many digestive issues.

  2. Inflammation Trigger: Birth control pills can lead to hormonal fluctuations, which can result in chronic low-grade inflammation. This inflammation can contribute to the development of IBD, a group of inflammatory conditions affecting the digestive tract.

  3. Nutrient Absorption Interference: Hormonal contraceptives can impair the absorption of essential nutrients like vitamins B and D, magnesium, and zinc. This nutrient deficiency can exacerbate digestive problems, as these nutrients are crucial for gut health.

Recommended Supplements to Take While Taking Birth Control Pill

As a Naturopath specializing in digestive health, my approach is to harness the power of nature to support and heal the body. Women who are taking birth control pills may benefit from paying attention to their vitamin intake to ensure they are meeting their nutritional needs. While the specific vitamin needs of an individual can vary based on factors such as age, overall health, and dietary habits, there are certain vitamins that women taking birth control pills may want to consider because the synthetic hormones that are inside the pill may affect their absorption in the body. It is important to note that natural and herbal supplements can potentially interact with birth control pills and affect their effectiveness. Therefore, women who are taking birth control pills should consult with a healthcare provider: Naturopath (like myself), dietitian or physician before taking any natural or herbal supplements. However, some supplements are generally considered safe for women taking birth control pills, and may offer benefits when used under professional guidance. Here are a few examples:

  1. Nutrient-Rich Diet: a well-balanced diet rich in fiber, antioxidants, and whole foods that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats is important for overall health. It is important to incorporate probiotic and pre-biotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, kimchi, and sauerkraut to restore your gut's balance. This can help ensure that women are getting essential nutrients and maintaining a healthy weight.

  2. Herbal Medicine: Herbs like slippery elm, marshmallow root, and peppermint can soothe irritated digestive tracts. Consult a qualified herbalist (like myself!) for guidance.

  3. Folate (Folic Acid): Folate is an essential B-vitamin that is important for women of childbearing age, including those who are taking birth control pills. It is particularly important for women who may become pregnant, as it can help prevent neural tube defects in the fetus. Many healthcare providers recommend that women of childbearing age take a folic acid supplement, especially if they are taking birth control pills.

  4. 4. Vitamin B6: Some women may experience symptoms of vitamin B6 deficiency, such as mood changes or irritability while taking birth control pills. Ensuring adequate intake of vitamin B6 through foods such as poultry, fish, bananas, and chickpeas may be beneficial.

  5. Calcium and Vitamins D+K2: Some women may benefit from calcium, vitamin D and K supplements, especially if they have a higher risk of osteoporosis. Birth control pills may affect calcium absorption, and therefore, women taking these medications may need to ensure they are getting enough calcium and vitamin D through their diet or supplementation.

  6. Iron: Some women may experience changes in their menstrual cycle while taking birth control pills, which can affect iron levels. Women should ensure they are consuming adequate iron-rich foods such as lean meats, beans, lentils, and fortified cereals to support healthy iron levels. Iron supplements may be recommended for women with documented iron deficiency anemia, but these should be taken under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

  7. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil and certain plant sources, are known for their potential benefits for heart health and overall well-being. They are generally considered safe to take alongside birth control pills and offer benefits for women's health.

  8. Probiotics: Probiotic supplements contain beneficial bacteria that support digestive health and may help maintain a healthy balance of gut bacteria. They are generally safe and may be beneficial for women taking birth control pills, as these medications can sometimes affect gut health.

  9. Hydration: Staying adequately hydrated is important for overall health, including supporting healthy digestion and maintaining proper body function. Women should aim to drink plenty of water throughout the day.

  10. Hormonal Balance: Consider non-hormonal contraceptive options like barrier methods or copper IUDs to reduce the hormonal impact on your digestive system.

  11. Limiting Alcohol and Caffeine: Women who are taking birth control pills may benefit from limiting alcohol and caffeine intake, as these substances can potentially affect hormone metabolism and liver function.

  12. Stress Management: Stress can exacerbate digestive disorders. Explore stress-reduction techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises.


The connection between birth control pills and the onset of digestive disorders like IBS- Irritable Bowel Syndrome and IBD- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is a fascinating and under explored topic. While hormonal contraceptives offer immense benefits, they also bring potential side effects that may affect our gut health. It's important to note, that the effects of birth control polls on the gut microbiome can vary from person to person. Factors like the specific type of contraceptive, the individual's existing gut microbiome, diet and overall health may all play a role. As a Naturopath specializing in digestive health, I encourage individuals to be proactive in maintaining their gut health by embracing natural tools like nutrition, herbal medicine, and supplements. By understanding this link and taking steps to support our digestive systems, we can enjoy the benefits of modern medicine while nurturing our overall well-being.

Remember, it's all about balance – both in life and in our digestive tracts!


bottom of page